(print this and tape it to your computer!)
QUICK CHEAT SHEET:
Lay/laid/laid=to put down
Who=a person, that=a thing
It’s=it is, its=possessive
You’re=you are, your=possessive
Lose=not win, loose=not tight
(person) and I=we, (person) and me=us
Ah hem. So, today's mission: sort through some of the trickiest little grammar mistakes even pros make. Hashtag will be: #crashgram. And no, I'm not an expert, though I have been known to do a few of these on occasion: http://tweetphoto.com/24050191
So let’s begin!
• When a character speaks: "Hey, how are you?" <-- quotes surround all
• When narrator butts in: "Hey, how are you?" she said. <-- quotes only around spoken words
• Examples of the 's: Charles Dickens's, The Club's, the boys' <- When it's a singular person, even if it ends in an s, add an 's. If it’s plural, just add an ‘
• lie/lay/lain = to recline. lay/laid/laid=to put down. (present/past/past participle)
• who=he/she, whom=him/her. Replace the "who" with the pronoun to figure out which one to use i.e.: Who do you think did it? --> He did it.
• its = possesive, it's = it is
• your = possesive. you're = you are. .There = place, they're = they are
• When writing in the past, use the past participle to denote something that has already happened. i.e.: I went to the mall and then realized I'd already been yesterday. -->past participle = has had, had had, etc
• Nick and I = we, Nick and me = us --> try using we or us in the sentence to figure out which to use i.e.: We're going to the store (Nick and I); it was closed so we left (Nick and I), Steph went to the store with us (me and Nick)
• Correct way to use a dash: he went to the store -- not the one on sixth -- and I went with him. (word space dash dash space word)
• semicolon: it's a continuation, not a side thought (like the dash), and must be followed by a complete sentence.
• Commas: Way too many rules to tweet, so: http://bit.ly/69V0C
• Capitalize Uncle/Mom etc when you use it in place of a name, but NOT if in the possessive, as in my uncle said, my mom said, Uncle Bob said, Mom said OR I saw Oxford Top at the store today, ew. <-- this is correct, if Oxford Top doesn't have a name
• There is no space between a word and any punctuation, so: the end! and not the end !
• ... (three)= you can continue the sentence ; .... (four)= you finished the sentence & will start a new one (put space after it)
• When using a dialogue tag, use a comma, not a period, at the end of the quote: "I love you," she said. <--don't cap. the "she"
• When breaking your character's speech into several paragraphs: "Quote. (new para) "Quote."
--> no " on end until IT ends
• Don't cap a continuing quote: "Hey there," he said, "want to go to the mall?" Cap new: "Hi," he said. "Want to go to the mall?"
• With commas, a lot of the time, it comes down to style. There are certain places that require it grammatically, but a lot are optional
- for ex: with commas, a lot of the time it comes down to style. ;)
• affect=verb (replace with the word "influence" to check), effect=noun (replace with the word "result" to check) - MOST of the time. Here are some weird times this isn't true.
And last but not least: epically cool grammar site: http://bit.ly/8MhwXT
Natalie M. Fischer
Very helpful! Gotta refresh my grammar memory, so I'll be putting these into practice....ReplyDelete
Natalie I LOVE you for including that "Dickens's" example! I find myself getting into disagreements with beta readers about this. Now I have a place to direct them to read the rule for themselves! ;)ReplyDelete
Super helpful. Unfortunately I always struggled wit grammar and remembering all the rules. Maybe the logical part of my brain just isn't wired correctly, LOL.ReplyDelete
Thanks again! I will be printing this off :)
Wow when I was in school we were told it "Dickens'" was correct. Wonder when that changed?ReplyDelete
Also completely unrelated to this post, but thought you might like this book:
A True Princess by Diane Zahler. http://browseinside.harpercollinschildrens.com/index.aspx?isbn13=9780061825019
Don't know how long the sample will be up - love the chapter titles!
:) <-- not Diane Zahler, I promise!
. . .and by "we were told it" of course I meant "we were told that". So sad to make a grammatical error on a post about grammar.ReplyDelete
:') <-- crying (if that's the grammatically correct smiley for a tear. I can't remember for sure. :) <-- using smiley to close parenthesis. I do this all the time, but is it correct?
Must. Stop. Second-guessing.